Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Solenostomidae
Etymology: Solenostomus: Greek, solen = tube + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335); halimeda: Named for the algae Halimeda, alludes to the species resemblance to the algae; noun of apposition.. More on author: Randall.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 23 m (Ref. 57851). Tropical, preferred ?
Indo-Pacific: from Maldives to the Marshall Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 17 - 19;
Vertebrae: 32. This species is distinguished by the following characters: short dorsal, pelvic and caudal fins; truncate or slightly rounded caudal fin; fin membranes entire; olfactory rosette in females with a small dorsal patch of a nasal lamellae, males with a larger patch filling about half of the nasal cavity; no premaxillary spine; fin counts low; multifid dermal papillae; color in live individuals pale green with lighter mottling, spinous dorsal fin membrane between 2 anteriormost spines typically with large black blotches and body with scattered dark spot; small size at maturity, females with eggs 34.3-46.9 mm (Ref .57851).
Found in coral reef of inshore waters. Benthic species (Ref. 75154). Females carry the eggs in their pelvic fins that are modified to form a brood pouch (Ref. 205). Often among Halimeda or coralline algae, whhich it greatly resembles (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pelvic fins of females are modified as brood pouch for the reception of the eggs (Ref. 205).
Orr, J.W., R.A. Fritzsche and J.E. Randall, 2002. Solenostomus halimeda, a new species of ghost pipefish (Teleostei: Gasterosteiformes) from the Indo-Pacific, with a revised key to the known species of the family Solenostomidae. Aqua, J. Ichthyol. Aquat. Biol. 5(3):99-108. (Ref. 57851)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .