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Setipinna phasa  (Hamilton, 1822)

Gangetic hairfin anchovy
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Setipinna phasa
Picture by Sen, S.K.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) > Coiliinae
Etymology: Setipinna: Latin, septem = seven + Latin, pinna, -ae = fin.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; pelagic; amphidromous (Ref. 51243).   Subtropical, preferred ?; 30°N - 18°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Indian fresh and brackish waters (Ganges system, from Diamond Harbor on the Hooghly to as far up as Allahabad on the Ganges, perhaps further; also rivers and estuaries of Orissa). Reported from Bangladesh and Myanmar (Ref. 45255).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 189)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 66 - 78. Belly with 21 or 22 keeled scutes from isthmus to anus. Lower gill rakers with the serrae even or becoming clumped in some specimens. Pectoral filament long, reaching to base of 15th to 39th anal fin ray. Anal fin with upper caudal lobe truncated, shorter than lower. Pectoral fins hyaline, but dark in fishes over 13.6 cm SL.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A riverine species, but also found in estuaries and presumably tolerating some salinity. Adults feed mainly on mysids and small prawns (reduced feeding during breeding), juveniles mainly on copepods. Possibly breeds throughout the year, with peaks in October and November (Hooghly at Barrackpore) or March-May (Ganges at Allahabad). Its large size makes it an attractive foodfish.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Has an extended breeding season, possibly throughout the year.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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FAO areas
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Ecology
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Common names
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Eggs
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Ciguatera
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00309 - 0.01175), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.39 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.24).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.