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Setipinna melanochir  (Bleeker, 1849)

Dusky-hairfin anchovy
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Setipinna melanochir   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Setipinna melanochir (Dusky-hairfin anchovy)
Setipinna melanochir
Picture by WWF-Canon / Vidthayanon, C.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) > Coiliinae
Etymology: Setipinna: Latin, septem = seven + Latin, pinna, -ae = fin.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; pelagic-neritic.   Tropical, preferred ?; 19°N - 8°S, 99°E - 118°E (Ref. 189)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Central Pacific: Thailand south to Java, including rivers, e.g., the Chao Praya in Thailand and the Rokan, Kapuas and Barito in Indonesia and the Mekong River system.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30857); common length : 19.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9822)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 45 - 53. Belly with 21 to 26 + 8 to 10 = 30 to 35 keeled scutes from isthmus to anus. Lower gill rakers with serrae rather large, spiky, but not distinctly clumped. Pectoral filament short or even absent, never reaching even to anus. Gill cover and main part of pectoral fin often dusky or jet black; other fins pale to bright yellow (Ref. 189). Origin of anal fin in front of origin of the dorsal fin (Ref. 43281).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species was recorded up rivers at 90, 150 and 210 km from the sea, but it is not known if these are permanent freshwater populations or migrants from the sea. At least small numbers enter artisanal river and lake fisheries (Ref. 9822). Found in large rivers far upstream from the estuary (Ref. 12693). Feeds mainly on insect larvae and small fishes. Used to make prahoc (Ref. 12693).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Munroe, T.A. and M. Nizinski, 1999. Engraulidae. Anchovies. p. 1698-1706. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9822)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00158 - 0.00917), b=3.08 (2.87 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.63 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.