Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Chromidotilapia: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch + Bechuana, African native thiape = fish (Ref. 45335); mrac: Named after MRAC, the abbreviation for Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgium, one of the most important institutions working on African fishes (Ref. 47112).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical, preferred ?
Africa: Ogooue and Nyanga basins, and coastal regions north of Libreville, Gabon (Ref. 81260).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 47112)
(total): 13 - 15;
soft rays: 8 - 9;
Vertebrae: 24 - 27. Diagnosis: 12-16 rakers on first gill arch; 2 large rounded to slightly elongated spots on flanks usually visible, sometimes with 1-2 small dark spots between the large ones; 2-3 rows of teeth in both jaws; lachrymal depth less than 18.2% SL (Ref. 81260). Pattern of dark blotches on body (Ref. 47112).
Monogamous (Ref. 47112), pair bounding female larvophilic mouth brooder, which spawns in caves (Ref. 47112, 81260).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Chromidotilapia mrac is a monogamous, pair bounding female larvophilic mouthbrooder, which spawns in caves (Ref. 47112). Eggs are incubated by the female alone for 3 days, after hatching the larvae are carried by the female for 9-10 days in the buccal cavity (Ref. 47112). When free swimming the juveniles are protected by the adults for a duration of about 4-5 weeks (Ref. 47112).
Lamboj, A., 2002. Chromidotilapia mrac, a new species of Cichlidae (Teleostei: Perciformes) from Gabon. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 13(3):251-256. (Ref. 47112)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00696 - 0.03143), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .