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Thryssa vitrirostris  (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)

Orangemouth anchovy
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Image of Thryssa vitrirostris (Orangemouth anchovy)
Thryssa vitrirostris
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) > Coiliinae
Etymology: Thryssa: Greek, thrissa, -es = shad (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 189).   Tropical; 31°N - 40°S, 20°W - 88°E (Ref. 189)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: Madagascar, coasts of Africa from Port Alfred northward to the Persian Gulf but not in the Red Sea, coasts of Pakistan and India, perhaps to Calcutta and off Myanmar, but no records.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5430)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 31 - 40. Belly with 16 to 19 + 8 t0 12 = 24 to 30 keeled scutes from isthmus to anus. Maxilla long, reaching beyond base of first pectoral fin ray; minute, oval first supra-maxilla. Lower gill rakers with serrae on the inner edge in distinct clumps in larger fishes. A dark blotch behind upper part of gill opening; inside of gill cavity bright orange.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Coastal pelagic (Ref. 68964). Presumably schooling, occurring inshore and entering estuaries and lagoons (perhaps as nursery areas), but moving further out in rainy seasons when coastal waters are freshened up by rivers. May be caught using ringnets (Ref. 5213). Generally marketed fresh, may be salted or dried (Ref. 5284).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; bait: usually
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
References
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Aquaculture profile
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Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
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Pictures
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Ciguatera
Speed
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Gill area
Otoliths
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Tools

Special reports

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.6 - 29.3, mean 27.4 (based on 294 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00617 (0.00364 - 0.01045), b=3.13 (2.99 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.