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Rheocles vatosoa  Stiassny, Rodriguez & Loiselle, 2002

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Rheocles vatosoa
Female picture by Loiselle, P.V.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes (Silversides) > Bedotiidae (Madagascar rainbowfishes)
Etymology: Rheocles: Greek, rheos = stream + Greek, kles, kleis = straits;  vatosoa: Named for its jewel-like coloration (vatosoa a Malagasy word for crystal or gemstone); noun in apposition.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Madagascar.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42716)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 5 - 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 115; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 14 - 18; Vertebrae: 35 - 38. Different from other congeners by possessing a single interdorsal pterygiophore (versus 3). Distinguished from R. sikorae and R. wrightae by having a shorter upper jaw (32.3-43.7%HL vs. 46.2-59), and the absence of black pigmentation of genital papilla; from R. pellegrini and R. derhami by the full squamation of the nape and chest (vs. naked or partially scaled); from R. lateralis by a shorter caudal peduncle (49-79.8 %SL vs. 84.6-96); and, from R. alaotrensis by predorsal scale row implantation (irregular vs. single row), and longer anal fin base (24.1-30.4 %SL vs. 17.2-21.7 %SL) (Ref. 42716).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Collected in the upper and middle reaches of the Lokoho river in the general vicinity of the town of Andapa. Found predominantly in clear streams over gravel or coarse sand bottoms. This streams are characterized by soft, slightly acidic to moderately alkaline water; total and carbonate hardness values < 1°DH and pH 6.8-7.5. Collected from both rapidly flowing rivers and small brooks. Stomach contents almost exclusively of macerated insect remains, most of terrestrial origin. A few remains of aquatic insect larvae suggesting a somewhat opportunistic feeding (Ref. 42716).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Stiassny, M.L.J., D.M. Rodriguez and P.V. Loiselle, 2002. Rheocles vatosoa, a new species of freshwater rainbowfish (Atherinomorpha: Bedotiidae) from the Lokoho River basin in Northeastern Madagascar. Cybium 26(1):71-77. (Ref. 42716)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

  Endangered (EN) (B1ab(i,ii,iii,v))

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.6   ±0.28 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .