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Dibranchus tremendus  Bradbury, 1999

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Dibranchus tremendus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Dibranchus tremendus
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes (Anglerfishes) > Ogcocephalidae (Batfishes)
Etymology: Dibranchus: Greek, di = two + Greek, brangchia = gills (Ref. 45335);  tremendus: Named for its giant size and terrific spines, a species to be trembled at (= tremendus).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 750 - 2300 m (Ref. 40826).   Deep-water, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Central Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Eastern Central Atlantic: Gulf of Guinea to Namibia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40826)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 4-7; Anal soft rays: 4; Vertebrae: 18 - 20. Tubercles without the radiating rows of spinules as seen in D. atlanticus (forming a shagreen). Spines of tubercles extremely long and stout , especially along sides of tail. Tubercles cover the surface of disk. Principal tubercles of ventral surface of tail very large and occupying entire ventral surface except for a few small tubercles in the median portion between anus and anal fin base. Cephalic lateral line count: subopercular usually 5 (4-5); preopercular usually 2. Firm skeleton; pliant skin, especially on ventral surface of disk. Fin without tubercles except at the extreme bases of the pectoral and caudal fins. Pectoral and pelvic fins both relatively long and slender in small individuals, shorter and broader with rays very fleshy in large ones (Ref. 40826).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Ho, Hsuan-Ching | Collaborators

Bradbury, M.G., 1999. A review of the fish genus Dibranchus with descriptions of new species and a new genus, Solocisquama (Lophiiformes, Ogcocephalidae). Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 51(5):259-310. (Ref. 40826)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01950 (0.00732 - 0.05192), b=2.96 (2.73 - 3.19), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .