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Sundasalanx mekongensis  Britz & Kottelat, 1999

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Sundasalanx mekongensis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Ehiravinae
Etymology: Sundasalanx: Composed from Sunda, Asiatic island + latinization of Philippines, salamga, French salangana = the name of a kind of swallow (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Kottelat.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Mekong basin in Laos and Thailand.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 38648)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-15; Anal soft rays: 16 - 20; Vertebrae: 38 - 42. Differs from all except S. praecox in having vomerine tooth plates (versus missing), more maxillary teeth (30, versus 12-19), 1-3 teeth on caudal end of basibranchial 1-2 in most specimens (versus missing), a completely ringed proximal end of epibranchial 3 surrounding third efferent branchial artery (versus partially encircled), and in lacking in midventral row of melanophores (versus presence). Differs from S. malleti in lacking a basipterygium pigment ring (versus presence). Differs from S. praecox in having several (3-5) prepectoral melanophores (versus missing), more vertebrae (38-42, versus 37-38) and no palatine teeth (versus presence). Differs from all other Sundasalangidae (except S. praecox and S. malleti) in lacking a cardiac chamber pigmentation (versus presence). Also differs from all congeners in having a dermethmoid, supraorbitals, hyomandibulars, autopterotics, exoccipitals, basioccipital and ventral hypohyals (versus these bones not ossified), more gill rakers on branchial arches (10-16 on first arch [versus 2-9], 9-11 on second and third arches, 7-9 anteriorly and 6-8 posteriorly on fourth arch, 6-7 on fifth arch).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found mostly in large rivers with muddy bottom, turbid water and slow to moderate current. Caught by seine and push net. In all habitats where it was collected by push-net, it was only present at depths greater than 1 meter, usually at a depth immediately below those at which a slight drop in temperature could be felt. Located above the bottom, usually above a layer of 10-20 cm loose ooze.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Britz, R. and M. Kottelat, 1999. Sundasalanx mekongensis, a new species of clupeiform fish from the Mekong basin (Teleostei: Sundasalangidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 10(4):337-344. (Ref. 38648)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .