Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails) > Macrourinae
Etymology: Ventrifossa: Latin, venter, ventris = belly + Latin, fosa = pit (Ref. 45335). More on author: Iwamoto.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 420 - 886 m (Ref. 35909). Deep-water, preferred ?
Western Pacific: South China Sea and northern Australia (including Western Australia).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 34.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35909)
Morphology | Morphometrics
spines: 0. Pelvic fin rays 9-10; second spinous ray of first dorsal fin with smooth leading edge; a well marked median nasal streak; chin barbel dark, length 17-24% of head length; outer premaxillary teeth notably larger than teeth of inner band; dorsum not strongly demarcated in color from rest of body in preserved specimens; suborbital shelf narrows anteriorly, somewhat constricted at anterior end.
A benthic species found on the continental slope (Ref. 75154).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Iwamoto, T. and A. Williams, 1999. Grenadiers (Pisces, Gadiformes) from the continental slope of western and northwestern Australia. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 51(3):105-243. (Ref. 35909)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00302 (0.00129 - 0.00705), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .