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Stethojulis bandanensis  (Bleeker, 1851)

Red shoulder wrasse
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Image of Stethojulis bandanensis (Red shoulder wrasse)
Stethojulis bandanensis
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Stethojulis: Greek, stetho, stethion = brest; literal = to prick a little breast + Greek, ioulis, a fish dealing with genera Coris or Thalassoma (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 30 m (Ref. 9311).   Tropical, preferred ?; 32°N - 32°S, 92°E - 89°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: eastern Indian Ocean to western Australia, including the Christmas Island, Cocos-Keeling and the Andaman Sea; then from Japan to New South Wales, Australia. Eastern Pacific: offshore islands in the eastern Pacific, including Clipperton, Cocos and the Galapagos islands (Ref. 36378). Range extends to Baja California during El Niño (Victor, pers. comm.). Replaced by Stethojulis albovittata in the western Indian Ocean and Stethojulis balteata in the Hawaiian Islands (Ref. 37816).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30874); 8.0 cm TL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11. 1st spine of the anal fin is minute or imbedded (Ref. 1602).Terminal males typically have a series of partial to complete longitudinal thin blue lines on their sides (Ref. 1602). Females mainly bluish grey with fine white spotting over upper sides and a small red spot at axil of pectoral fin (Ref. 48636).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Usually found in shallow clear water of reef flats and lagoon and seaward reefs, in areas of mixed sand, rubble and coral (Ref. 9710, 58534). Usually solitary or in small groups (Ref. 9311). Feeds mainly on demersal planktonic crustaceans and small benthic invertebrates. Female length is from Ref. 9137. Replaced by S. albovittatus in the Andaman Sea (Ref. 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Randall, J.E., 2000. Revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fishes of the genus Stethojulis, with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (31):42 p. (Ref. 36378)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00574 - 0.01823), b=2.99 (2.84 - 3.14), based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.