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Stolephorus apiensis  (Jordan & Seale, 1906)

Samoan anchovy
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Stolephorus apiensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Stolephorus apiensis (Samoan anchovy)
Stolephorus apiensis
Picture by Collyer, J.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Stolephorus: Greek, stole, -es = garment + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 189).   Tropical; 2°S - 20°S, 174°E - 171°W (Ref. 189)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Fiji and Samoa; possibly also Caroline Islands and the Philippines (Ref. 9822). Replaces Stolephorus commersonii in the South Pacific (Ref. 189).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 189)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0. Very closely resembles S. commerson, but lacking paired dark patches behind occiput and paired dark lines before dorsal fin. Lower gill rakers higher than in S. commerson which has (usually 23 to 28). For distinctions from other species, see S. commerson.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A schooling species in shallow coastal waters. Used as bait in the tuna fishery in the South Pacific, although rare in bait catches in Fiji and Samoa. More data needed.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; bait: usually
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 27 - 27.7, mean 27.2 (based on 8 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00255 - 0.01239), b=3.18 (2.99 - 3.37), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.