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Sparodon durbanensis  (Castelnau, 1861)

Musselcracker seabream
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Sparodon durbanensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Sparodon durbanensis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Sparodon: Latin, sparus = a fish with a golden head + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 80 m.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southeast Atlantic: Cape of Good Hope to Natal in South Africa. Also recorded from Djibouti (Ref. 5450) and from Mozambique (Ref. 5213).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 35.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3507); common length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3507)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 10. Faint stripes on a greyish body; bluish glow while in water (Ref. 3198).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits shallow coastal waters, mainly off rocky shores down to 80 m depth. Rarely enters estuaries. Young commonly found in tide pools. Feeds mainly on mollusks (Ref. 5213). An important food fish.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Smith, J.L.B. and M.M. Smith, 1986. Sparidae. p. 580-594. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3198)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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FAO areas
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Ecology
Diet
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Common names
Synonyms
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Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
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Aquaculture profile
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Ciguatera
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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 18.1 - 28.3, mean 26.8 (based on 204 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01862 (0.01040 - 0.03333), b=2.93 (2.78 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.09; tm=5.4; tmax=26).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.