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Xenurolebias myersi  (Carvalho, 1971)

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Xenurolebias myersi
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Rivulidae (Rivulines)

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 6.8; dH range: 8 - ?; non-migratory.   Tropical; 23°C - 28°C (Ref. 13614)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Atlantic coastal river basins in Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36579)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-18; Anal soft rays: 19 - 23; Vertebrae: 28 - 29. Xenurolebias myersi differs from all other congeners by having the caudal fin sub-lanceolate, never forming a distinctive tip posteriorly in larger individuals (vs. lanceolate, with a pronounced posterior tip) and distinctive light yellow spots on the distal portion of the anal fin in males (vs. light yellow narrow bars). It is also distinguished from X. cricarensis and X. izecksohni in having fewer dark brown bars on the caudal fin in males (4-6, vs. 7-10 in X. cricarensis and 9-12 in X. izecksohni); from X. izecksohni by having fewer dark grey bars on the flank in females (9-11 vs. 12-13), the dorsal fin, in males, with short light bars on the basal portion and small round light spots on the distal portion (vs. branching bars), absence of oblique short bars on the ventral portion of the caudal fin in males (vs. presence), deeper body (29.0-31.4% SL in males and 30.1-33.9% in females, vs. 27.1-28.5% and 28.5-30.6%, respectively), and longer lower jaw (22.4-24.5% of head length in males and 19.6-21.4% iin females, vs. 18.6-20.9% and 17.7-19.7%, respectively); and from X. pataxo in having wider head (71.5-74.6% SL in males and 74.5-81.1% in females, vs. 65.7-71.1% and 65.8-70.3%, respectively), shorter filaments on the dorsall fin in males (reaching between base and middle of the caudal fin, vs. reaching posterior portion of the caudal fin), and the presence of black spots on the posterior part of the caudal peduncle in females (vs. absence) (Ref. 96072).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in seasonal pools as well as river floodplains (Ref. 96072). Bottom spawner, 4 months incubation. Is difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Costa, Wilson J.E.M. | Collaborators

Costa, W.J.E.M. and P.F. Amorim, 2014. Integrative taxonomy and conservation of seasonal killifishes, Xenurolebias (Teleostei: Rivulidae), and the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Systematic and Biodiversity (Ref. 96072)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00397 - 0.01999), b=3.14 (2.94 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .