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Salvelinus umbla  (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salvelinus: Old name for char; it is the same root of german "saibling" = little salmon (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate, preferred ?; 48°N - 45°N, 5°E - 11°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Alpine and subalpine lakes in Italy (Trentino, Alto Adige), France (Lake Bourget), and Switzerland, Germany and Austria. Introduced in numerous high altitude lakes (Ref. 59043). Reported from Sweden (Ref. 30402).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Distinguished from congeners in central Europe by the following characters: mouth terminal to subterminal, lower jaw not included in upper jaw; snout conical; 25-31 gill rakers; flank greenish brown with reddish spots, belly yellowish to reddish orange; fins red to orange with white margins (Ref. 59043).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits deep lakes in glacial valleys and high altitude lakes. Preys on crustaceans, insects and benthic fauna; a few individuals develop as large piscivores, with a distinct morphology. Spawns on pebble to stone bottom on steep slopes, at depths of 30-120 m (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00481 - 0.02077), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .