Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salvelinus: Old name for char; it is the same root of german "saibling" = little salmon (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 10 m (Ref. 59043). Polar, preferred ?; 65°N - 64°N, 22°W - 20°W
Europe: Lake Thingvalla, Iceland.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); max. reported age: 17 years (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from congeners in Iceland by the following characters: presence of parr marks in adults; flank dark brown with irregular golden or yellow spots, belly beige to yellowish, usually blackish markings on throat (not much difference between breeding and non-breeding coloration); pectoral fins black, other fins beige, caudal and dorsal fins with pale spots; snout blunt, rounded, about equal to eye diameter; mouth subinferior, upper jaw projecting (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits shallow littoral zone, with water 0-10 m deep. A nocturnal species which hides between stones during the day. Feeds predominantly on snails, and to a lesser extend on benthic insects (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00481 - 0.02077), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .