Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salvelinus: Old name for char; it is the same root of german "saibling" = little salmon (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate, preferred ?
Europe: Lake Constance in Switzerland, Germany and Austria.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from congeners in central Europe by the following characters: pelvic fin not reaching anus; mouth subinferior, lower jaw included in upper jaw; snout blunt; 19-27 gill rakers; flank yellowish to silvery, sometimes with faint pale spots, belly sometimes reddish; fins brownish to reddish brown, without white margins; eye diameter 1.3-1.5 times in interorbital distance, 19-21% HL; and body depth at anal fin origin 15-16% SL (Ref. 59043).
Found in deep area of lake, below 80 m. Occurs and feeds on the bottom. Feeds predominantly on cocoons of Turbellaria and copepods. Spawns on pebble bottom at depths around 60-80 m (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00481 - 0.02077), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .