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Squalius zrmanjae  Karaman, 1928

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Squalius zrmanjae
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Zrmanja and Krka drainages in Croatia. Introduced in Ricica polje with water diverted from Zrmanja for a hydroelectric power plant.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Can be diagnosed from its congeners in Western Balkans and Adriatic basin by the following characters: 44-49 scales on lateral line; scale pocket of each flank scale above lateral line with a conspicuous dark triangular spot, pigments usually absent along free margin; eye diameter 24-28% HL, slightly less than snout length; 5th infraorbital bone small or absent; dorsal fin usually with 8½ branched rays; anal fin with 9½ branched rays; head shallow, conical; snout elongate, dorsal profile slightly rounded; lower jaw short, length less than depth of operculum; and mouth subterminal (Ref. 59043).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits streams with swift water and lakes in karstic areas. Restricted to the lower, almost still part of Zrmanja drainage (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00388 - 0.01704), b=3.13 (2.97 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .