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Chelon subviridis  (Valenciennes, 1836)

Greenback mullet
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Chelon subviridis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Chelon subviridis (Greenback mullet)
Chelon subviridis
Picture by Hasan, M.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Mugiliformes (Mullets) > Mugilidae (Mullets)
Etymology: Chelon: Greek, chelone = turtle (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; catadromous (Ref. 46888); depth range 0 - 5 m (Ref. 86942).   Tropical, preferred ?; 30°N - 28°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Notice: Undefined variable: speccode in E:\wwwroot\FishBase\htdocs\includes\SpeciesSummary.lib.php on line 2262 Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Persian Gulf (Ref.80050) and Red Sea to Samoa, north to Japan. Collected at Natal, South Africa (Ref. 11228).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9812); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9812)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 4 - 5; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9. Dark greenish dorsally, brownish over head, white ventrally; 3-6 indistinct, dark stripes along upper rows of scales; greyish dorsal fins; caudal fin bluish with black margin (Ref. 9812). Yellowish pectoral fin and may have a blue spot at fin origin (Ref. 9812).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Form schools in shallow coastal waters and enters lagoons, estuaries, and fresh water to feed (Ref. 9812). Juveniles may enter rice fields and mangroves (Ref. 9812). Feed on small algae, diatoms and benthic detrital material taken in with sand and mud; fry take zooplankton, diatoms, detrital material and inorganic sediment (Ref. 9812). Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205). Spawning occurs at sea. Also caught with stakenets (Ref. 9812). Marketed fresh and salted.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Harrison, Ian | Collaborators

Thomson, J.M., 1984. Mugilidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). volume 3. [pag. var.]. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 2830)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; bait: usually
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Common names
Egg development
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins
Swim. type
Gill area


Special reports

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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00963 - 0.01307), b=2.97 (2.93 - 3.01), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.30 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.15-0.63).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.