Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Coregoninae
Etymology: Coregonus: Greek, kore = pupils of the eye + Greek, gonia = angle (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; anadromous; depth range 30 - 150 m (Ref. 59043). Temperate, preferred ?
Europe: Baltic: Bothnian Gulf, Gotland (missing along Swedish coast southward of Stockholm); southern Baltic: from Germany to Gulf of Finland; several landlocked populations in Sweden (Lakes Vänern, Vättern, Locknesjön, Storvindeln, Storlaisan, Skalka-Parkijaur, Arjeplog) and Russia (Neva drainage, Lakes Ladoga and Onega).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 19 - 46 cm
Max length : 55.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); max. published weight: 2.0 kg (Ref. 593); max. reported age: 20 years (Ref. 59043)
Recorded from coastal waters at sea. Lacustrine, at depths greater than 30 m, in Lake Ladoga commonly at 50-150 m (Ref. 59043). Specimens measuring 36-40 cm are more than 5 years old. Spawns for the first time at 4-6 years (Ref. 59043). Spawns from the end of November to 20 December (Ref. 593). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs are buried in unguarded nests (Ref. 205). Feeds on benthic invertebrates, especially gammarids, molluscs and insect larvae (Ref. 59043).
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Kottelat, M., 1997. European freshwater fishes. Biologia 52, Suppl. 5:1-271. (Ref. 13696)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00325 - 0.00886), b=3.22 (3.08 - 3.36), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.14-0.91; tm=3-5; tmax=19).
Prior r = 0.58, 2 SD range = 0.34 - 1.00, log(r) = -0.54, SD log(r) = 0.27, Based on: 1 M, 8 K, 17 tgen, 1 tmax, records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .