Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Coregoninae
Etymology: Coregonus: Greek, kore = pupils of the eye + Greek, gonia = angle (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bean.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; pelagic-neritic; anadromous (Ref. 51243). Polar, preferred ?; 69°N - 58°N
North America: Alaska. May occur in Chukotsk and Kamchatka regions of Siberia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 36.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 28864); 48.0 cm FL (female); common length : 30.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27547)
soft rays: 12 - 14;
Vertebrae: 62 - 65. Distinguished by the pale, almost colorless pelvic and pectoral fins and the smaller number of gill rakers on the lower portion of the first gill arch (Ref. 27547). Dorsal rather high and falcate; pelvic fins with axillary process (Ref. 27547). Generally brownish to dark green on back; silvery on lower sides and belly; anal, pelvic and pectoral fins pale; caudal and dorsal fins dusky (Ref. 27547).
Found near river mouths and brackish lagoons (Ref. 5723). Makes extensive migrations related to spawning (Ref. 27547). Feeds on invertebrates and cottids (Ref. 27547). Apparently does not feed during its spawning runs (Ref. 27547). Some populations anadromous (Ref. 96339).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lee, D.S., C.R. Gilbert, C.H. Hocutt, R.E. Jenkins, D.E. McAllister and J.R. Stauffer, 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History. 867 p. (Ref. 6466)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00256 - 0.01076), b=3.22 (3.06 - 3.38), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.59 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .