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Cichla intermedia  Machado-Allison, 1971

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Cichla intermedia
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Cichla: Greek, kichle = wrasse (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Notice: Undefined variable: speccode in E:\wwwroot\FishBase\htdocs\includes\SpeciesSummary.lib.php on line 2262 Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Orinoco River basin, tributaries of the Orinoco River, and the Casiquiare River in Venezuela. Probably occurs in Colombia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 28 - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); max. published weight: 3.0 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Diagnosis: Juveniles have an uninterrupted dark band along middle of side, young and adults are uniquely distinguished among species of Cichla by the color pattern with lateral band transformed to row of irregular dark blotches and six or seven narrow dark vertical bars across side below dorsal fin (corresponding in position to bars 1, 1a, 2, 2a, 3, additional bar below end of soft dorsal in base, and occasionally one anteriorly on caudal peduncle). The adults with several small black blotches posterior to the orbit and on gill cover. All sizes with no light spots on the side (vs. present in most other species of Cichla). Lateral line almost always continuous; scales in E1 row 96-108 (Ref. 57716).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Often captured near submerged rocks or woody structure in the primary river channel within or near swift current. Diurnal piscivore. Feeds mainly on fish (Ref. 27531).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Kullander, S.O. and E.J.G. Ferreira, 2006. A review of the South American cichlid genus Cichla, with descriptions of nine new species. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 17(4):289-398. (Ref. 57716)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00751 - 0.02539), b=3.02 (2.86 - 3.18), based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.71 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .