Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Dactyloscopidae
Etymology: Dactyloscopus: Greek, daktylos = finger + Greek, skopein = to look (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gill.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 45 m (Ref. 11482). Tropical, preferred ?
Eastern Pacific Ocean: from the Gulf of California and southwestern tip of Baja California northward to Bahia Santa Maria. Former subspecies D. pectoralis fallax (Mexico to Ecuador, including Cocos Island) and D. pectoralis insulatus (Revillagigedo Islands) in Ref. 11482 were elevated to species level.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11482)
Distinguished from D. fallax and D. insulatus by having the following characters: scales absent above the lateral line; upper lip fimbriae, modally 9; preopercular canal pores, modally 5; unbranched labial fimbriae (Ref. 82814).
Found on sandy bottoms near reefs (Ref. 37955). Feeds on small fishes and invertebrates (Ref. 11482). Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R. and D.R. Robertson, 1994. Fishes of the tropical eastern Pacific. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 332 p. (Ref. 11482)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.61 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .