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Stiphodon atratus  Watson, 1996

Black stiphodon
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Stiphodon atratus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Sicydiinae
Etymology: Stiphodon: Greek, stiphos, -eos, -oys = mass + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; amphidromous; depth range ? - 5 m (Ref. 86942).   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia and Oceania: occurs in Indonesia, on the northern coast of New Guinea, Admiralty Islands, Halmahera Island, Bismark Archipelago, Bougainville, Vanuatu and New Caledonia (Ref. 87781).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26040); 4.2 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Second dorsal fin with 9 segmented rays; usually 15 pectoral fin rays; lateral scales extend dorsal to pectoral base, usually 33-36; belly scaled close to pelvic disc; males with first dorsal fin higher than second dorsal fin, spines not filamentous; predorsal midline with 9-17 cycloid scales; males blackish, 5 or 6 bars between second dorsal and anal fins; and females with midlateral band straight with blotchy patches on caudal peduncle.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

The species is found in coastal steams, in clear and oxygen rich water, in the lower course of rivers, up to 50 m in altitude. It prefers rocky substrates, with boulders and pebbles, and slow to medium currents (pools). It feeds on algae and small invertebrates, scraping them of the surface of the rocks. The species is amphidromous. After the reproduction in freshwater, larvae go at sea where they undergo a planktonic life for several months (Ref. 87781). Inhabits large and quite streams, preferring pools and backwater areas. (Ref. 26040).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Watson, R.E., 1996. A review of Stiphodon from New Guinea and adjacent regions, with descriptions of five new species (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Sicydiinae). Rev. Fr. Aquariol. 23(3-4):113-132. (Ref. 26040)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
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Ecology
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Common names
Synonyms
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Predators
Ecotoxicology
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Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
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Age/Size
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Length-weight
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Ciguatera
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .