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Zaniolepis frenata  Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1889

Shortspine combfish
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Zaniolepis frenata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Zaniolepis frenata (Shortspine combfish)
Zaniolepis frenata
Picture by Gotshall, D.W.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Hexagrammidae (Greenlings) > Zaniolepidinae
Etymology: Zaniolepis: Greek, xenio = strange + Greek, lepis, -idos = scale;  frenata: frenata meaning bridled, referring to the body and fin coloring (Ref. 4525).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 4 - 450 m (Ref. 96339), usually 55 - 244 m (Ref. 96339).   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: southern Oregon, USA to central Baja California, Mexico.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Mostly found on mud bottom from 55-244 m depth. Polychaete worms appear to be the preferred food, but euphausiids, amphipods, and fish eggs have been found in their stomachs (Ref. 4525).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7502   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00146 - 0.00990), b=3.15 (2.93 - 3.37), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.27).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .