Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Chrosomus: Chrosomus meaning color (Ref. 1998). More on author: Cope.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate, preferred ?; 62°N - 41°N
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences |
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Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
North America: Atlantic, Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, and upper Mississippi, Missouri, and Peace-Mackenzie River drainages from New Brunswick to Yukon Territory and British Columbia in Canada; south to New York, Wisconsin and Wyoming in USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 6.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 6 years (Ref. 12193)
Chrosomus neogaeus can be distinguished by having the following characters: 63-92 scales on lateral line; pharyngeal teeth 2,5-4,2; large head; large terminal mouth extending under eye; rounded snout; dark brown to gray cape on back and upper side; body well specked with black; dark olive to gold stripe along side, light olive between cape and stripe; silver white below; usually a black caudal spot; clear to yellow fins; and red along side in large males (Ref. 86798).
Occurs in lakes, ponds and sluggish pools of headwaters, creeks and small rivers, usually over silt and near vegetation (Ref. 86798). Probably feeds on insects, crustaceans, and plankton (Ref. 1998). Spawning probably occurs in the spring (Ref. 1998). Commonly hybridizes with Chrosomus eos. The hybrids are always females and in some areas are more common than the parental species. Hybrids breed with males of the parental species and consequently can outnumber and even replace one of the parent species (Ref. 86798).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00393 - 0.01681), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .