Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Cultrinae
Etymology: Parabramis: Greek, para = the side of + old French breme, bresme, a fresh water fish; 1460 (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; amphidromous (Ref. 51243). Temperate; 10°C - 20°C (Ref. 13614), preferred ?; 54°N - 23°N, 112°E - 142°E
Asia: Basin of the Amur, from Blagoveshchensk to the very mouths. Sungari, Ussuri, Lake Khanka, Liao. China south to Shanghai and Ningpo.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 35.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1441); common length : 8.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35840); max. published weight: 4.1 kg (Ref. 1441); max. reported age: 17 years (Ref. 56557)
Feeds on higher aquatic plants. Its flesh is tasty but very bony. One of the most important commercial fishes of China (Ref. 1441).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Assuming standard cyprinid reproduction. Replace ASAP.
Bogutskaya, N.G. and A.M. Naseka, 1996. Cyclostomata and fishes of Khanka Lake drainage area (Amur river basin). An annotated check-list with comments on taxonomy and zoogeography of the region. Zool. Inst. Russ. Acad. Sci. :89 p. (Ref. 13397)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial; aquaculture: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00558 - 0.03746), b=3.06 (2.84 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.1).
Prior r = 0.34, 2 SD range = 0.15 - 0.74, log(r) = -1.08, SD log(r) = 0.39, Based on: 2 K, 1 tgen, 1 tmax, records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100) .