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Sargocentron lepros  (Allen & Cross, 1983)

Spiny squirrelfish
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Sargocentron lepros   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sargocentron lepros (Spiny squirrelfish)
Sargocentron lepros
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beryciformes (Sawbellies) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 45 m (Ref. 30874).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean to Australia eastward to Fiji and Samoa. Recently recorded from the Chesterfield Islands (Ref. 11897).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14; Anal spines: 4; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9. Body light red to orange-red with narrow darker red stripes separating scale rows; white streak on head absent (except beneath maxilla); 4-5 oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.65-2.95 in SL; head length (HL) 2.55-2.8 in SL; snout length 3.8-4.15 in HL; interorbital width 5.25-6.35 in HL; dorsal head profile slightly convex; maxilla extending to between verticals at front edge of iris and center of eye; upper jaw length 2.35-2.6 in HL; rounded anterior end of nasal bone; medial margin of nasal bone without retrorse spine; moderately large nasal fossa without spines; upper surface of nasal bone between nasal fossa and premaxillary groove edge with a retrorse spine; 2 opercular spines, with the lower 1/2-3/4 length of the upper; preopercular spine 4.8-6.35 HL; spinules on posterior margin of preopercle 17 (3.3 cm SL specimen), 19 (4.9 cm), 26 (5.3 cm), 30-36 (6.4-8.1 cm); 4th to 6th dorsal spines subequal, the longest, 2.3-2.65 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.5-1.95 in HL; broadly rounded caudal-fin lobes (Ref. 27370).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Nocturnal. Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 11897. Solitary and cryptic, found in outer reef slopes of oceanic islands, mainly in the South Pacific (Ref 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Randall, John E. | Collaborators

Randall, J.E., 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (27):105 p. (Ref. 27370)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00784 - 0.03354), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.68 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .