Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Chauliodontinae
Etymology: Chauliodus: Greek, chaulios, chaulos, chaunos = to be with the mouth opened + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); macouni: Named after Prof. J.C. Macoun, Geological Survey of Canada, a resolute pioneer of western Canada (Ref. 6885). More on author: Bean.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 25 - 4390 m (Ref. 5610). Deep-water, preferred ?; 66°N - 23°N, 127°E - 106°W
Northwest Pacific: Navarin Canyon in the Bering Sea to Japan. Eastern Pacific: Gulf of Alaska to central Baja California (Ref. 35898) and the Gulf of California.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80637); max. published weight: 23.35 g (Ref. 4525); max. reported age: 8 years (Ref. 28499)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9 - 14;
Vertebrae: 56 - 62. First dorsal fin ray much produced in a long filament terminating in a minute flap; adipose fin large, placed well back over posterior part of anal, higher posteriorly; pelvic fins long and narrow (Ref. 6885). No true gill rakers (Ref. 6885). Dark brown to black in color (Ref. 6885). Branchiostegal rays: 16-21 (Ref. 35898).
Migrate upward at night (Ref. 28499). Feed on small planktonic crustaceans, arrow worms and fish (Ref. 28499). Has photophores on belly arranged in a row (Ref. 2850). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 35898). Also caught with bottom trawls.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00234 (0.00127 - 0.00433), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.35; tmax=8).
Prior r = 1.04, 2 SD range = 0.99 - 1.09, log(r) = 0.04, SD log(r) = 0.02, Based on: 1 M, 1 K, 1 tmax, records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .