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Cosmochilus harmandi  Sauvage, 1878

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Cosmochilus harmandi
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > No subfamily
Etymology: Cosmochilus: Greek, kosmos, -ou = order, organization + Greek, cheilos = lip (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Sauvage.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Chao Phraya and Mekong basins.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12693); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12693)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 35. With 5 branched anal fin rays; life color black rich pale blue, dorsal and caudal fins black-edged; in some specimens anal fin with black tip. Dorsal fin may also be black-tipped (Ref. 13216). Lips covered by large papillae; last simple dorsal ray osseous and serrated (Ref. 43281).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs from midwater to bottom depths in the middle and lower Mekong. Inhabits clear waters of the main channels during the dry season and moves to floodplains and riparian forests during the rainy season. Relatively common in the upland river habitat of the middle Mekong until water levels begin to rise. Dietary habits still unknown, but the subterminal mouth and papillate lips indicate that it probably roots around for food in fine-grained sediments (Ref. 12693). Found in the basin-wide mainstream of the lower Mekong (Ref. 36667).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Rainboth, W.J., 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 p. (Ref. 12693)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00450 - 0.02124), b=3.00 (2.82 - 3.18), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tm>4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.