Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Cichlasoma: Greek, kichle = wrasse + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - 8.0; dH range: 10 - 33. Tropical; 24°C - 30°C (Ref. 7335), preferred ?
Central America: Atlantic slope, in the Grijalva River basin from the Grande de Chiapa drainage in Mexico to Lagartero River in Guatemala.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36377)
Inhabits lower river to middle river valleys as well as lake. Prefers moderate flowing streams and large rivers with strong currents which are clear, clean and high in oxygen content. Can be found over rocks, sand, silt, or mud. Occurs in most all the habitats available within its small territorial boundaries.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Parents care for eggs and larvae. Larvae feed on the thickened skin of the parents. Pairs may stay together for a long time (Ref. 40602).
Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36377)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00548 - 0.03814), b=3.07 (2.84 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .