Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 5°C - 20°C (Ref. 12468), preferred ?; 47°N - 41°N, 13°E - 20°E
Europe: Vrljika drainage and Lake Crveno in Imotsko polje, Matica and Norin drainages (Croatia); Tihaljina and Trebizat system in Neretva drainage (Bosnia-Herzegovina).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 6 - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 38 - 41. Diagnosed from congeners by the possession of the following characters: large eye, diameter 26-29% HL, equal to or larger than snout length; conical snout, not stout, terminal mouth; thickened skin especially in adults during spawning season; scales distinct or not, covering whole body, often narrowly to widely separated in particular in pre-pelvic area; lateral line interrupted or not, usually ending on caudal peduncle; and pored lateral line scales usually 54-70 (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits streams, lakes and springs with clear water. Enters subterranean waters during winter or droughts (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to pollution and habitat destruction (Ref. 26100).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 1972. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00378 - 0.02101), b=3.10 (2.89 - 3.31), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .