Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 5°C - 25°C (Ref. 12468), preferred ?; 46°N - 42°N, 13°E - 20°E
Europe: Cetina and Krka drainages in Croatia. Earlier possibly present in Soca drainages (Slovenia, Italy) but no record since 1850 (Ref. 59043). Reported from Albania (Ref. 26100).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Differs from its congeners in Western Balkans and Adriatic drainages by having the following characters: scales on lateral line 46-54; a broad dark spot on scale pocket and a narrow series of pigments along free margin of each flank scale (indistinct in juveniles); head depth 68-80% HL in individuals over 9 cm SL; posterior margin of anal convex or almost straight; dorsal fin with 8½ branched rays; anal fin with 8-9½ branched rays; eye diameter 18-34% HL in individuals 9-15 cm SL, 16-18% in individuals over 25 cm SL; snout blunt, dorsal profile convex; lower jaw short, length less than depth of operculum; 5th infraorbital bone small or absent; mouth subterminal; and fins yellow to black in life (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits streams with swift water and lakes in karstic areas (Ref. 59043). Occurs in water courses on low plains, with little current. Feeds on invertebrates. Threatened due to habitat destruction, pollution and the introduction of other species (Ref. 26100).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00386 - 0.01712), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100) .