Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > No subfamily
Etymology: Capoeta: The local vernacular name "kapwaeti" used in Georgia and Azerbaikhan (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 15°C - 26°C (Ref. 2059), preferred ?
Eurasia: Jordan River drainage basin, the entire Levant, Mesopotamia and parts of southern Turkey.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 13609); common length : 29.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11028)
Occurs in lakes, streams with fast and slow-moving water currents and in clear and muddy water. Bottom fish that feeds on aufwuchs which it scrapes from the substrate with the horny sheet of the lower lip. Its diet consists of algae, aquatic invertebrates, and detritus (Ref. 13609). It spawns between January and March in small streams where it deposits its eggs on gravel. Tasteless fish, and the spawn is toxic (Andrey Marlin, pers. comm., 2003).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Krupp, F. and W. Schneider, 1989. The fishes of the Jordan River drainage basin and Azraq Oasis. p. 347-416. In Fauna of Saudi Arabia. vol. 10. (Ref. 13609)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00568 - 0.01605), b=3.01 (2.86 - 3.16), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.4 ±0.17 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=1-3 and Fec>10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .