Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Siphamia: A Swazi word, siphama, for a fish.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 6 - 22 m (Ref. 11890). Tropical, preferred ?
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences |
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Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Western Central Pacific: Philippines and Malaysia south to Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Probably occurs widely in the Indo-Malay and Melanesian archipelagos but has thus far escaped detection because of its small size and cryptic behavior.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11890)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Inhabits sheltered waters of lagoons and coastal inlets. Often seen in groups of approximately 30-40 individuals, hovering over pocilloporid coral Seriatopora hystrix (Ref. 11890).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1993. Cardinalfishes (Apogonidae) of Madang Province, Papua New Guinea, with descriptions of three new species. Rev. Fr. Aquariol. 20(1):9-20. (Ref. 11890)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00722 - 0.03321), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .