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Synodontis waterloti  Daget, 1962

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Synodontis waterloti
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Mochokidae (Squeakers or upside-down catfishes)
Etymology: Synodontis: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.8 - 7.8; dH range: ? - 20.   Tropical; 22°C - 25°C (Ref. 2059)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: upper Gambia, Corubal, Kogon, Fatala, Konkouré, Great Scarcies/Kolenté, Rokel, Jong/Pampana, Sewa, St. John, Cess and Ofin (Pra tributary) rivers in Senegal, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana (Ref. 57223).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57223); max. published weight: 85.00 g (Ref. 3799)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Anal spines: 0. Diagnosis: gill slits not extending ventrally beyond pectoral-fin insertions; post-orbital length at least 60% of snout length; maxillary barbels unbranched, longer than head, without tubercles and bordered by a narrow, but rather long, basal membrane that extends over half their length; inner mandibular barbels with few, short, sometimes subdivided, ramifications; mandibular teeth moderately developed, numbering 16-27 (27 in the holotype); denticulations of pectoral-fin spines almost as strong on outer as on inner margin; dorsal-fin spine smooth anteriorly, except for some apical denticles; humeral process relatively pointed and granulose, keeled ventrally; adipose fin low, rather short, its length less than 3 times the distance between rayed dorsal- and adipose fin, pointed posteriorly and well separated from rayed dorsal fin; body entirely spotted (Ref. 57223). Coloration: ground colour rather light with darker marblings on back and sides, less distinct on lower parts of body; all rayed fins covered with non-aligned spots; adipose fin of the same colour as body; in juveniles, spots larger, fewer and less isolated (Ref. 57223).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum TL was recorded at 18.5 cm (Ref. 7362, 57223). Oviparous (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Paugy, D. and T.R. Roberts, 2003. Mochokidae. p. 195-268 In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douce et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Tome 2. Coll. Faune et Flore tropicales 40. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Museum National d'Histoire Naturalle, Paris, France and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France. 815 p. (Ref. 57223)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00264 - 0.01508), b=3.09 (2.88 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.5   ±0.29 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.