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Scolecenchelys australis  (Macleay, 1881)

Shortfinned worm eel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Scolecenchelys australis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scolecenchelys australis (Shortfinned worm eel)
Scolecenchelys australis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae (Snake eels) > Myrophinae
Etymology: Scolecenchelys: Greek, skolex = worm (1855) + Greek, enchlys, -yos = eel (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 104540).   Temperate, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: restricted to southeastern coast of Australia, Tasmania, and New Zealand.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 33839)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 145 - 156. This species of the Scolecenchelys gymnota species group is distinguished by the following set of characters: head 7.7-8.9 % TL (in large specimens, >18.0 cm TL); tail 55-58 % TL; trunk 34-36 % TL; horizontal distance between origin of dorsal-fin and a vertical through mid-anus 8.0-91 % HL; jaws and vomerine teeth in a single row, rarely biserial anteriorly and uniserial posteriorly; predorsal vertebrae 62-68, preanal 60-63 and total 145-156; MVF 65-61-151 (Ref. 104540).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A shallow species (< 50 m) found in among seagrass beds and rocky tidepools (Ref. 104540). Lives in groups of many individuals. Feeds on small bottom-dwelling invertebrates (Ref. 33839).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McCosker, John | Collaborators

Hibino, Y. and S. Kimura, 2015. Revision of the Scolecenchelys gymnota species group with descriptions of two new species (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae: Myrophinae). Ichthyol Res (Ref. 104540)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00076 (0.00029 - 0.00200), b=3.05 (2.82 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .