You can sponsor this page

Squalius pyrenaicus  (Günther, 1868)

Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Squalius pyrenaicus
Squalius pyrenaicus
Picture by Ramos, A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate, preferred ?; 41°N - 36°N, 9°W - 0°

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Iberian Peninsula from Tagus and lower Ebro drainages southward; missing in Mediterranean slope between Mijares and Vinalopo drainages (present in the upper Jucar) and between Guadaiza and Guadiaro drainages near Malaga. Possibly introduced in Ebro drainages.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 7.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); max. reported age: 7 years (Ref. 41268)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 6-9; Anal soft rays: 7 - 9; Vertebrae: 37 - 40. Differs from its congeners in Iberian Peninsula by the following characters: 37-42 + 2-3 scales on lateral line; 3-5 scale rows between lateral line and pelvic origin; infraorbital bones broad, width of infraorbitals 2 and 5 about 4-5 times width of sensory canal on same bones; a black crescentic mark on scale pocket of each flank scale (often indistinct in life); head length about equal to body depth; caudal peduncle depth usually 2.0-2.6 times in its length; and mouth terminal, snout pointed (Ref. 59043). Other diagnostic features include communication preopercular-mandibular and infraorbital canals present; and supraethmoid wide and short (Ref. 28035).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in rivers and marshlands (Ref. 26100). An ubiquitous species which inhabits small to medium-sized streams with Mediterranean water regime. May be confined to very small pools during summer. Feeds mainly on small arthropods. Spawns on stone to gravel bottom in shallow riffle habitats with fast-flowing water. Involved in the Iberocypris alburnoides hybrid complex (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to pollution, habitat destruction and the introduction of other species (Ref. 26100).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 1972. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00807 - 0.01131), b=3.14 (3.10 - 3.18), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.49 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.14-0.19; tm=3; tmax=7).
Prior r = 0.58, 2 SD range = 0.34 - 1.00, log(r) = -0.54, SD log(r) = 0.27, Based on: 1 K, 3 tgen, 1 tmax, records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .