Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Achiridae
Etymology: Catathyridium: Greek, kata = down + Greek, diminutive, thyreos, -ou = a great stone used as door or shield (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical, preferred ?
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences |
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Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
South America: Paraná and Uruguay River basins.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 10.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.7 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 36798)
Occurs in ponds. Maximum length given reported to reach 25 cm SL (Ref. 26147).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ramos, R.T.C., 2003. Achiridae (American soles). p. 666-669. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.00976 - 0.03241), b=3.17 (3.01 - 3.33), based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .