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Diancistrus erythraeus  (Fowler, 1946)

Red viviparous brotula
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Diancistrus erythraeus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Bythitidae (Viviparous brotulas) > Brosmophycinae
Etymology: Diancistrus: Greek, di = two + Greek, agkistron = hook (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 15 m (Ref. 90102).   Subtropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Ryukyu Islands, Japan and the northern Philippines, but not in Taiwan; to the south and east, it is replaced by Diancistrus atollorum.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 70-76; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 55 - 61; Vertebrae: 39 - 41. Diagnosis: This species is characterized by the following: vertebrae 11+28-30=39-41, dorsal fin rays 70-76, anal fin rays 55-61; eyes very small (<2.0% SL); outer pseudoclasper ear-lobe shaped, the half-moon shaped ear-lobe extension inwardly directed; inner pseudoclasper firmly joined to outer pseudoclasper anteriorly, with supporter, reduced small hook-like, often with a fleshy flap at its base; 5-7 rows of small scales on the upper cheek, no scales on operculum; head profile is slender; otolith length to height ratio <2.0 (Ref. 57884).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Rare species (Ref. 34024). Solitary inhabitant of coral reef crevices to at least 15m depth, cryptic (Ref 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R. Robins, 1999. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18):178p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 34024)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
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