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Clarias longior  Boulenger, 1907

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Clarias longior
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Clariidae (Airbreathing catfishes)
Etymology: Clarias: Greek, chlaros = lively, in reference to the ability of the fish to live for a long time out of water.   More on author: Boulenger.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical; 3°N - 2°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Nyong (Ref. 81644), Kribi and Lobi/Lobe (Ref. 248, 78218, 81644) in Cameroon, Ntem River in Cameroon (Ref. 248, 78218, 81644), Equatorial Guinea (Ref. 248, 78218) and Gabon (Ref. 81644), and the Ogooué in Gabon (Ref. 81644). Reports from the Sanaga and Dja in Cameroon (Ref. 51193) questionable and unconfirmed in Ref. 248 or 78218, but a collection point is present on the distribution map in Ref. 81644.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3820)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 74-85; Anal soft rays: 61 - 71; Vertebrae: 60 - 63. Diagnosis: body extremely elongate (depth 9.3-13.3% SL, mean 11.0); 9-12 rakers on first gill arch (Ref. 81644). Head rounded in dorsal outline (Ref. 248), rather short (HL 18.3-22.8% SL, mean 20.2) and wide (width 14.1-17.0% SL, mean 15.4)(Ref. 81644). Snout broadly rounded (Ref. 248). Eyes small and laterally placed (Ref. 248). Interorbital width large (45.4-50.7% HL, mean 47.7)(Ref. 81644). Postorbital margin not entirely covered with bone; frontal fontanelle long and narrow; occipital fontanelle long and oval-shaped; supra-orbital and "dermosphenotic" bones separated; tooth plates relatively broad; pectoral spine straight (Ref. 248). Pectoral spine slightly serrate on its anterior face, with serrations downward oriented (Ref. 248, 81644). Gill rakers relatively long and distantly set; suprabranchial organ well developed (Ref. 248). Openings of secondary sensory canals show a regular pattern (Ref. 248, 81644). Coloration: preserved specimens with uniform colouration; back, flanks and upper parts of paired fins dark brown to reddish brown; ventrum and lower parts of paired fins pale brown to beige (Ref. 81644).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Practically nothing is known about the biology of this species (Ref. 78218).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Teugels, G.G., 1986. A systematic revision of the African species of the genus Clarias (Pisces; Clariidae). Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci. Zool., 247:199 p. (Ref. 248)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00364 - 0.01815), b=2.99 (2.81 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.