Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes
(Smelts) > Salangidae
(Icefishes or noodlefishes)
Etymology: Salanx: Latinization of Philippines, salamga, French salangana = the name of a kind of swallow (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; anadromous (Ref. 51243). Subtropical, preferred ?; 39°N - 23°N (Ref. 26213)
Northwest Pacific: Ariake Sea, coasts of the Korean Peninsula, Yellow Sea and southern part of the Sea of Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 34809); common length : 11.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35840)
Used in Chinese medicine (Ref. 12166).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Roberts, T.R., 1984. Skeletal anatomy and classification of the neotenic Asian salmoniform superfamily Salangoidea (icefishes or noodlefishes). Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 43(13):179-220. (Ref. 34809)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00316 (0.00126 - 0.00794), b=3.16 (2.94 - 3.38), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.22 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=1, Fec>100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .