Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Sciaenochromis: Greek, skiaina, skion = a fish, red mullet + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335); ahli: Named after Dr. Ernst Ahl, Zoological Museum of the Humboldt University, Berlin who described this species as H. serranoides (Ref. 40899).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 8.0 - 8.0; dH range: 9 - 19; depth range ? - 150 m (Ref. 55954). Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 2059), preferred ?; 9°S - 15°S
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences |
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Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Africa: Endemic to Lake Malawi.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5595)
Inhabits several habitats where rocks are found; usually found in caves and cracks of the biotope; feeds on small fishes, mainly small mbuna that live among the rocks (Ref. 5595). Oviparous (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs are fertilized externally before the female picks them up to brood in her mouth (Ref. 205).
Maréchal, C., 1991. Sciaenochromis. p. 440-441. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5692)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00693 - 0.03157), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.73 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .