Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Sarotherodon: Greek, saros, -ou = sawdust + Greek, ther = animal * Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); nigripinnis: Dedicated to Mr. Louis Dollo from the Musée d'histoire naturelle de Bruxelles (Ref. 72505).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal. Tropical, preferred ?; 3°N - 7°S
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences |
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Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Africa: Sarotherodon nigripinnis nigripinnis: coastal zone of Gabon and Equatorial Guinea; also enters rivers, including the Ogooué. Sarotherodon nigripinnis dolloi: lower Kouilou in Republic of Congo to the lower Congo River estuary in Democratic Republic of Congo. Two subspecies are recognized.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2)
Estuarine species, preferring brackish water but found in freshwater during low tide (Ref. 68431). Male mouthbrooder (Ref. 41581). No marked sexual dichromatism when sexually active; forms temporary pair-bonds during reproduction (Ref. 81260).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Males carry eggs (Ref. 41581). Males of Sarotherodon nigripinnis dolloi construct nest and incubate eggs (Ref. 55074). Incubatory period lasts about 14 days; female retrieves newly released young in mouth (Ref. 72506). Juveniles become independant after about 4 weeks (Ref. 55074).
Falk, T.M., G.G. Teugels and E.K. Abban, 2003. Revision and biogeographical analysis of the black-chinned tilapia Sarotherodon melanotheron (Teleostei, Cichlidae): results of morphometric, allozyme, globin chain and mtDNA studies. J. Nat. Hist. 37(18):2191-2212. (Ref. 72448)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00701 - 0.03755), b=3.02 (2.82 - 3.22), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.4 ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .