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Sarotherodon nigripinnis  (Guichenot, 1861)

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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Sarotherodon: Greek, saros, -ou = sawdust + Greek, ther = animal * Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335);  nigripinnis: Dedicated to Mr. Louis Dollo from the Musée d'histoire naturelle de Bruxelles (Ref. 72505).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; demersal.   Tropical, preferred ?; 3°N - 7°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Sarotherodon nigripinnis nigripinnis: coastal zone of Gabon and Equatorial Guinea; also enters rivers, including the Ogooué. Sarotherodon nigripinnis dolloi: lower Kouilou in Republic of Congo to the lower Congo River estuary in Democratic Republic of Congo. Two subspecies are recognized.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 14 - 17; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9. Diagnosis: 12-17 rakers on lower limb of first arch; 27-30 scales in lateral line; generally with black spots and blotches on head and body (Ref. 81260).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Estuarine species, preferring brackish water but found in freshwater during low tide (Ref. 68431). Male mouthbrooder (Ref. 41581). No marked sexual dichromatism when sexually active; forms temporary pair-bonds during reproduction (Ref. 81260).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Males carry eggs (Ref. 41581). Males of Sarotherodon nigripinnis dolloi construct nest and incubate eggs (Ref. 55074). Incubatory period lasts about 14 days; female retrieves newly released young in mouth (Ref. 72506). Juveniles become independant after about 4 weeks (Ref. 55074).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Falk, T.M., G.G. Teugels and E.K. Abban, 2003. Revision and biogeographical analysis of the black-chinned tilapia Sarotherodon melanotheron (Teleostei, Cichlidae): results of morphometric, allozyme, globin chain and mtDNA studies. J. Nat. Hist. 37(18):2191-2212. (Ref. 72448)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00701 - 0.03755), b=3.02 (2.82 - 3.22), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.4   ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .