Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Paralepididae
Etymology: Sudis: Latin, sudis = esox, fish of the Rhine, cited by Plinius 9.15; it also means "stake" (Ref. 45335). More on author: Rafinesque.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 200 - 2000 m (Ref. 4474). Deep-water, preferred ?; 50°N - 40°S
Circumglobal, broadly distributed, from 50°N to 40°S.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Mesopelagic to bathypelagic. Carnivorous. Probably spawns near the surface in temperate to tropical waters (Ref. 5759). Has been supposed to be one of the 'cable-biters'; reconstructions from big teeth found in submarine cables suggests that it attains at least 100 cm body-length (Ref. 4474).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Post, A., 1990. Sudidae. p. 385. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4474)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00275 (0.00105 - 0.00720), b=3.06 (2.83 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (57 of 100) .