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Stolothrissa tanganicae  Regan, 1917

Lake Tanganyika sprat
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Image of Stolothrissa tanganicae (Lake Tanganyika sprat)
Stolothrissa tanganicae
Picture by Moeremans, L.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Stolothrissa: Greek, stole = suit + Greek, thrissa, -es = shad (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Regan.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic; depth range 8 - 60 m.   Tropical, preferred ?; 1°S - 10°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: endemic to Lake Tanganyika (Ref. 28136); in the Lukuga River (connecting the lake with the Lualaba River) known up to Kisimba-Kilia Falls (Ref. 93587).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 7.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4967); common length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-18; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 16 - 27. Body slender. Pre-pelvic scute not strongly keeled, beginning behind base of last pectoral fin ray. Maxilla blade about 2.25 times as long as its shaft, but not continued forward to hind tip of pre-maxilla; second supra-maxilla diamond-shaped or more or less rhomboidal, approximately symmetrical. Lower gill rakers long and slender. A silver stripe along flanks. Snout narrow, appears concave when viewed from above.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A lacustrine species forming very large schools. Juveniles tend to stay closer to shore than those 5 cm SL or more. They appear to stay below about 60 m by day, rising up to 8-15 m at night, especially on dark nights. Adults feed on plankton. They breed at about 6 cm SL, with ripe individuals present almost throughout the year, but major spawning in May and June and again in December and January. Adults move inshore to breed. The eggs sink slowly.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: highly commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00437 (0.00169 - 0.01126), b=3.10 (2.87 - 3.33), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.29 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=1.62-2.66).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.