Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Clupeidae
(Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Sardinella: Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia; diminutive (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 188). Tropical, preferred 28°C (Ref. 107945); 23°N - 12°S, 75°E - 153°E (Ref. 188)
Indo-West Pacific: southern India and Bay of Bengal to the Philippines, also eastern tip of Papua New Guinea. Often confused with Sardinella gibbosa in Indian waters.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 13.8  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188); common length : 11.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)
soft rays: 12 - 23. Body somewhat compressed but variable; total number of scutes 29 to 33. Vertical striae on scales not meeting at center, hind part of scales with a few perforations and (in Indian Ocean specimens) somewhat produced posteriorly. A dark spot at dorsal fin origin.
Forms schools in coastal waters. Misidentifications (especially with S. gibbosa in Indian waters and S. albella in the western Indian Ocean) make published biological data potentially unreliable. Marketed fresh, dried-salted, boiled or made into fish balls.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00471 - 0.01341), b=2.99 (2.85 - 3.13), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.30 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.7-1.6; tmax=3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .