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Siphamia cephalotes  (Castelnau, 1875)

Wood's siphonfish
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Siphamia cephalotes   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Siphamia cephalotes
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Apogonidae (Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Siphamia: A Swazi word, siphama, for a fish.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 7 m (Ref. 57178).   Temperate, preferred ?; 25°S - 45°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: endemic to southern Australia, from Shark Bay, Western Australia to Byron Bay, New South Wales.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26498)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D1 VI, D2 I,8 (rarely 7 or 9 soft rays); A II,8-9; pectoral fin rays 12-14, unbranched and compressed distally; tubed lateral-line scales 22-23; median predorsal scales 4-5; total gill rakers 4-6 + 14-16, developed gill rakers 1-3 + 13-16 = 15-18; gill rakers on ceratobranchial 9-10; body relatively slender, depth 3.2-4.8 in SL, and body width 1.6-1.8 in the depth; eye diameter 3.2-3.7 in HL; first dorsal spine 1.1-1.3 in second spine; second dorsal spine 2.6-3.6, spine of second dorsal fin 5.1-6.7, and second anal spine 6.0-7.4, all in head length (HL); pectoral-fin length 5.8-6.7 and pelvic-fin length 5.7-6.1 in SL; caudal-peduncle length 1.05-1.4 in distance between pelvic spine insertion and anal-fin origin; preopercular edge and ridge smooth, with the ventral edge weakly ossified and usually slightly crenulate; palatines with 1-3 series of small teeth; first infraorbital pore a complex of about 7 small pores; scales large, mostly ctenoid; tubed lateral-line scales with vertical series of papillae; the tip of light organ on each side of tongue bound by membrane (Ref. 90035).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Benthic species (Ref. 75154) which occurs over soft bottom in coastal embayments and in the lower reaches of estuaries (Ref. 33616). It is found usually in schools near kelp or seagrass beds of Zostera or Posidonia at depths of 1-10 m (Ref. 90035).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205). Adults in South Australian waters have been observed brooding eggs in January (Ref. 33616).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Gon, O. and G.R. Allen, 2012. Revision of the Indo-Pacific cardinalfish genus Siphamia (Perciformes: Apogonidae). Zootaxa 3294:1-84. (Ref. 90035)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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FAO areas
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00722 - 0.03321), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .