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Sarotherodon occidentalis  (Daget, 1962)

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Sarotherodon occidentalis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Sarotherodon: Greek, saros, -ou = sawdust + Greek, ther = animal * Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 13614), preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Coastal areas from the Casamance River (Senegal) to the Saint John River (Liberia) (Ref. 53405).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7378)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 16 - 18; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 10 - 11. Diagnosis: 29-31 total dorsal-fin rays; upper profile of snout strongly arched; head length 31.0-35.0% SL; 30-32 lateral line scales (Ref. 53405). 2 complete rows of scales on cheek (Ref. 2, 53405). Toothed area of lower pharyngeal bone with concave sides; snout and cheek purple; iris orange; nape and upper part of body soiled yellowish; posterior dorsal lappets and upper edge of soft dorsal watery pink; few vague dark spots on soft dorsal and center of caudal; pelvic ending in short white filament (Ref. 2).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Oviparous (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 205). Females employ mouthbrooding to care for the young (Ref. 164).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Trewavas, E. and G.G. Teugels, 1991. Sarotherodon. p. 425-437. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 4999)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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