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Cherublemma emmelas  (Gilbert, 1890)

Black brotula
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Cherublemma emmelas   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Cherublemma emmelas (Black brotula)
Cherublemma emmelas
Picture by Robertson, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae (Cusk-eels) > Ophidiinae
Etymology: Cherublemma: Greek, chry, diminutive of cheir = hand + Greek, blemma, -atos = the eyes (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 102 - 740 m (Ref. 36413).   Deep-water; 32°N - 16°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Baja California to northern Chile.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 34024)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 99-113; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 81 - 98; Vertebrae: 55 - 58. Rostral spine well developed with vertical basal component which projects dorsally, and a long forward projecting straight component; peritoneum and guts black; narrow weak band of basibranchial teeth; bones thin, weakly developed (Ref. 34024). Branchiostegal rays: 7 (Ref. 36413).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults are found on soft bottoms, between 429 and 732 m in depth, while juveniles are encountered at shallower depths (Ref. 9329). Prejuveniles mesopelagic (Ref. 34024). Oviparous, with planktonic larvae and extended pelagic juvenile stage (Ref. 36413). Oval pelagic eggs float in a gelatinous mass (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 36413).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R. Robins, 1999. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18):178p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 34024)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00275 (0.00131 - 0.00577), b=3.17 (2.99 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .