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Crenicara punctulatum  (Günther, 1863)

Checkerboard cichlid
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Native range | All suitable habitat
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Crenicara punctulatum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Crenicara punctulatum
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Crenicara: Latin, crenulatus = cut, clipped + tupí, guaraní , acará = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 5.0 - 6.0; dH range: 0.10000000149012 - 10; non-migratory.   Tropical; 23°C - 27°C (Ref. 42575), preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Notice: Undefined variable: speccode in E:\wwwroot\FishBase\htdocs\includes\SpeciesSummary.lib.php on line 2262 Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Amazon River basin, in Ecuador, Peru, Colombia and Brazil, in tributaries of the rivers Ucayali, Marañón, Solimões and Amazon from about the Pachitea River on the Ucayali River to about Gurupá; upper Mamoré River in Bolivia, and Madre de Dios River drainage in Peru; Essequibo River drainage in Guyana; Amapá Grande River in Amapá, Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36377)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

In forest creeks and sandy river shores, often near fallen leaves or among plants. Young are all females; at about 8 months of age one female changes into a dominant male (Ref. 42575).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Attaches about 200 eggs to plants or stones; female tends the clutch. After a year the females turn into males. This corrects previous informations from Ref. 35887 and 13371.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Kullander, S.O., 1986. Cichlid fishes of the Amazon River drainage of Peru. Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Research Division, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden, 394 p. (Ref. 9088)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Public aquariums | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00694 - 0.03620), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm<1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .